Tripartite Agreement Refugees
Written by Staff on December 18, 2020
According to Human Rights Watch, the Tanzanian government`s action has worsened the already deteriorating situation in the camps, which is increasingly likely to force refugees to return to Burundi. These include reducing food rations between August 2017 and October 2018, banning refugees from leaving camps, including finding work or firewood, violence against some refugees who have left the camps, and general insecurity. The Imbonerakure, the youth league of Burundi`s ruling party, which has long committed widespread human rights violations, is alleged to have harassed and threatened refugees in the camps. The forced return follows an agreement signed on 24 August between Tanzania and Burundi, under which some 180,000 Burundian refugees are expected to return “voluntarily or not” to their country of origin in Tanzania by 31 December. On 11 October, Tanzanian President John Magufuli said Burundian refugees should “go home.” The African Commission on Human Rights and Human Rights should urge Tanzania not to forcibly deport asylum seekers or refugees, and UNHCR should not facilitate this return. When the agreement was signed in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, the parties provided support for the unrest, which is due to begin in mid-2004. They entrusted each other with roles and responsibilities to ensure the success of the process. The 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1969 African Convention prohibit the refoulement, return of refugees to places where their lives or freedom would be threatened. UNHCR says rejection occurs not only when a government directly rejects or deports a refugee, but also when the indirect pressure is so great that people think they have no choice but to return to a country where they are at serious risk of suffering.
The Zimbabwean government has been tasked with ensuring that refugees are well informed of the security situation in Rwanda so that they can decide whether or not they are returned. “At the end of next year, UNHCR wishes to be able to say that it has done everything in its power to facilitate the return of Rwandan refugees to their homes and to help them,” she added. The forced return of more than 200 people on October 15 comes amid growing pressure on all refugees living in the camps to return to Burundi, Human Rights Watch said. Since August, Tanzanian officials have threatened to make public statements, closed a market and repeatedly changed administrative requirements for humanitarian organizations operating in the camps.